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2 Stage Surgery. Creation and Connection of JPouch in 1 Operation. Before, During and After!

SILS (Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery)/TATME (Trans Anal Total Mesorectal Excision) completion proctectomy and formation of J Ileo Pouch, closure of Ileostomy.

This is the technique I underwent in August 2017, I went from a temporary Ileostomy stoma directly to a functioning JPouch in one surgery (technically 2 steps as the first was the removal of my colon and temporary stoma in 2016).

I will cover what, why and how things occurred happened throughout my journey in detail, however, the sole reason for this blog is to share this new revolutionary method that can save months of waiting and recovery compared to traditional 3 stage surgery with the same outcome.

I have been diagnosed with Indeterminate Colitis (IC) and due to continued illness despite all available medications and interventions, my Colon was removed in Feb 2016 at Brighton University Hospital in the UK. I had a Subtotal colectomy via laparoscopic surgery with just one major incision made in the abdomen and several small laparoscopic incisions above, and formation of Ileo Anal Stoma (ileostomy stoma)

Following this I continued to suffer chronic inflammation and ulcers in my dysfunctional rectum, therefore I needed to have the next step as soon as I could, I was on the waiting list at Brighton for 14 months, however, it was not looking likely to be any time soon, my stoma nurse recommended I could get referred to another hospital. She gave me information on 2 top surgeons she had knowledge of, and I contacted St Marks Hospital in Harrow, Middlesex, UK. After researching many surgeons, I elected to be referred by my GP to Mr Janindra Warusavitarne B Med FRACS PhD, Consultant Colorectal Surgeon.

I met with Dr Warusavitarne at the end of May 2018 and after several meetings and examinations, was booked into surgery for stage 2 of my JPouch formation, this was planned to be a temporary loop ileostomy and JPouch formation, However, we discussed that, as I had had my previous surgery with minimal intrusive openings, I would hopefully have minimal scar tissue or adhesion's. He suggested that it may be possible, if I agreed, to have the final stages done in 1 step, skipping the temporary loop stoma and going straight to formation and connection of the JPouch in one.

This was an extremely exciting yet scary option, it was a very new procedure, and, in fact, Dr Warusavitarne was the founder of the pioneering technique to perform single stage surgery via a single point of entry, laparoscopic and via the rectum with just incisions for drainage to be made externally. I would eventually be one of the first to have this technique.

This is technically known as SILS (Single Incision Laparoscopic Surgery)/TATME (Trans Anal Total Mesorectal Excision) completion proctectomy and formation of J Ileo Pouch, closure of Ileostomy.

I was booked into for the 11th August 2018 with a pre-op appointment a few weeks prior. The pre-op appointment was extremely informative and reassuring. I had bloods and other tests carried out and they went through where, who, how and when things would happen on admission and care after.

The morning of the surgery we headed to the ward as advised and I was prepared for the op. I was to be first in and it was thought surgery would last between 4-7 hours depending on the outcome, as the surgery progresses the Dr would assess and make the decision as to what stage I was going to have!

The Surgery!

All I remember is that I desperately didn’t want to wake up with a stoma bag! I didn’t want loop stoma, I had heard so may issues with leakage etc due to the fact they are shallow and close to the body compared to the temporary stoma I had. I was also extremely anxious as I had such a terrible reaction to medications after my first surgery and was still suffering PTSD from that.

I went down and after just 5 hours I was in recovery! I remember so clearly looking down and seeing a wound dressing, NO BAG! A huge wave of relief fell over me! I knew I had a huge recovery ahead of me but potentially this was my final surgery and the relief was immense!

I spent several hours in and out of consciousness, my body was exhausted, I needed sleep, Stuart was at my side and I rested, I was on a decent dose of Oxycodone via drip and it managed the pain well. The next day or so is a bit of a blur, I had my pain managed so well on the Oxy and with its immediate effect, I was comfortable. I had a catheter in my bladder and initially in my bowel.

It took around 2 days for my bowel to fully wake up, I was now on Fredric Salmon ward, this is a specialist ward for Bowel surgery, they are focused in this field, as is the complete hospital, therefore the nurses and Dr's are extremely sympathetic to the recovery process and the needs of each patient.

I was able to start moving around on the 3rd day and able to get to the bathroom alone to pass my first stools in 18 months! I could even (and often) pass wind, albeit only on the toilet as I discovered there was not, yet, any way to distinguish between gas and stool… I also found I could not pass urine without passing stool, this scared me as I feared I had no control, this, I was to discover, was something I would learn over time and I can now choose what and when I do.

I was tender and swollen underneath; my anus was healing with stitches and inflammation from the dilation during surgery to create my JPouch.

I was advised much of my surgery was performed via my anus which explained why I was so sore, that said it was managed with pain relief. I maintained the Oxy drip for the first 5-6 days and found I slept much of the time, this was giving my body time to heal and was needed.

I was having a minimal diet at first of soft, easy digested foods such as rice pudding, porridge, chicken, rice etc. my appetite was so small at this stage which worked well. I found the food I ate passed through my system extremely fast, within hours. I was going to the toilet up to 20 times initially for the first few days and several times at night, this was possibly driven by me as I was so worried about leakage and as I was so tender, the feeling of stool in my new pouch gave me urgency.

I could already feel the urge though and hold it to the toilet. My bottom was very sore and tender, I was given a barrier cream by the IBD nurses. They visited daily on ward to endure I was coping and answer my questions.

On the 8th morning I was ready to go home, I was now being managed on tablet form of Oxycodone as well as OxyContin which is a modified release pain medication, it gave me a good baseline management and I could take the immediate medication when it peaked. I used Buscopan to relax and settle the bowel muscles to avoid spasms whilst it was healing and was also put on a medication called Gabapentin, this was to manage nerve pain as I was finding my old stoma site was extremely swollen and tender... I had stitches and it healed with no complications.

My abdomen was swollen and bruised, I was advised not to use my stomach muscles for a few months to avoid hernias in the old stoma site.

As I was leaving the ward, I had to stop to run to the loo 3 times, this scared me as I had a long drive home, however I made it home with no stops and no issues, I think it was my body’s way of helping me make it home in one piece!

I had a wonderful cushion to sit on that had a hole in the middle, this kept my tender bottom off the seat so bumps and dips in the road didn’t hurt! I also used this at home in the early stages to reduce pressure on the surgery site below! I was using warm water to wash after each bowel movement to avoid stinging from wipes or butt burn. I ensured the closed stoma site was kept clean and the local nurse helped me change the dressings for the first few days!

I remained at home for the first month, just managing to walk short distances at first, building it up slowly to a reasonable period. After a month I could drive but as I was still on a low dose of the Oxy, I needed to be clear of that before I drove.

It was at approx. 6 weeks I was free of the serious pain medication and was on the road to recovery, I struggled as it felt so slow and needed reminding often that I had undergone major surgery and needed to heal inside out.

At 12 weeks I had my follow up with Dr Warusavitarne, I was finding I had tenderness around the old stoma site, it hurt to cough and I feared a hernia, he arranged an ultrasound which eventually was clear, and it healed.

I was now going to the toilet 6-9 times a day and 1-2 times at night, my output was still liquid, and I had had 2 incidents of leakage one at night and one where I didn’t make it to the toilet in time. I was now using loperamide twice a day and he agreed this could be increased and I could find my workable amount, under guidance from the IBD nurses.

My recovery was going fantastically well, and I was signed back to work! I returned at first on a part time basis and built it up.

Following surgery, I built up my diet slowly, I stayed on what was referred to as a ’low residue’ diet, this consisted of mainly white foods, bread, potatoes, chicken, rice, porridge, eggs, bananas. But I was able to add in more slowly, monitor its effect on my bowel and output and decide from there what I could tolerate.

I will cover diet in a separate blog and each person will tolerate different foods. This worked for me then but has now moved to a full diet with few issues.

After A year!

Much has happened since surgery a year ago! Unfortunately, I have had complications of Cuffitis and Pouchitis, both of which I am still fighting at this time. I have had many times of great health and have a reasonable quality of life, I continue to fight and hope that with time, my amazing JPouch will offer the quality of life it promises.

August 2018! 1 year post surgery!

I do occasionally ask myself if I made the right choice to go for JPouch surgery rather than a permanent Ileostomy, some days I wish I hadn’t but those are few and far between and overall, I love my JPouch. I am still glad I had the single surgery and feel it has in no way impaired my recovery.

My disease is incredibly stubborn and will, I fear, always test me! I hope this recount has helped answer some of the questions you may have, I feel I was extremely lucky to have the option to be referred to St Marks and Dr Warusavitarne. He has given me the best care and pioneering surgery.

18 Months later!

Since I first published this story, I have started a new biological treatment, Stelara. This is to combat the inflammation problems I continue to have in my cuff and pouch, they have not responded to antibiotics and are proving stubborn! However, as I approach my second dose of the treatment, I am feeling so much better, my pouch has been behaving fantastically and I am down to 5 BMS on average in 24 hours. I sleep through more nights than not, and I am feeling positive about JPouch life!

I have had many complications along my journey, most recently extreme gas bloating, however I believe this was due to an imbalance in gut bacteria following a mixture of treatment for inflammation and thrush treatment and not down to my disease itself.

January 2019, 18 Months post surgery!

I truly believe the single creation and connection surgery was, for me, the best option. It may have seemed more challenging to recover as I was using the surgical site straight away, but it meant I had one recovery, less disruption to my family and work life and a faster outcome! Given the chance to go back and love it again, I wouldn’t change the surgery procedure in any way.

I hope by reading this it helps put your mind at rest if you are contemplating the same operation. Many feel the 2 stage does not give adequate time for the JPouch to heal, however I do not believe I suffered in anyway differently than I would of if I had the 3-stage surgery.

If you are in the UK, you have the choice who and where you are treated! Stand up and fight for your choice, it is the best decision I have ever made! I had the pleasure of a specialist hospital that was made for my disease, it made the world of difference.

Please do leave me a comment down the bottom of this blog, hearing how and if this helps you, helps me and makes it all so worthwhile! Feel free to share!

Take care, keep fighting and keep smiling! (Please remember this is my personal recount, it is not medical advice and should not be followed without seeking the advice of your specialist).

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